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Kuyesa zitsanzo

alireza

Kodi zitsanzozo zimagwira bwanji pakuwunika?

GIS imalimbikitsa kugwiritsa ntchito ANSI Z1.4 2008 / ANSI / ASQC Z1.4 / BS6001 / DIN 40080 / ISO 2859 / NFX 06-022 (muyeso womwewo wowunikira womwe ukuwonetsedwa mu ANSI ndi AQL) pakuyesa zitsanzo. Muyeso wake ndi kufanana kwake adapangidwa malinga ndi chiphunzitso cha ziwerengero ndipo adawonetsedwa ndi AQL (onani gawo lotsatira). Malingaliro a zitsanzozo akuwonetsa kuchuluka kwa zinthu zonse zomwe zigwiritse ntchito mumtundu uliwonse kapena mtanda womwe uyenera kuyang'aniridwa (kukula kwachitsanzo) ndi malingaliro a mdani pakuvomerezedwa kwa gawo kapena mtanda.

Nthawi zambiri, mulingo woyesera Ⅱushall ugwiritsidwe ntchito, apo ayi wopunthira ena amene amasankha ubale pakati pa zitsanzozo ndi kuchuluka kapena kukula kwake kudzatsimikiziridwa ndi woyang'anira. Kutengera kuchuluka kapena kukula kwa batchi ndi zilembo zamaulendo owerengedwa zimaperekedwa kuti zilingalire za kukula kwakufunika malinga ndi dongosolo lomwe likugwiritsidwa ntchito. Mapulani amodzi osakwatiwa komanso owonjezera kawiri kawiri ndiomwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri. Ngati mulibe momwe mungasungire zitsanzo, GIS ikuthandizani kudziwa njira yomwe imagwirira ntchito zosowa zanu. 
Zitsanzo zimayang'anidwa motsutsana ndi dongosolo lowunikira owoneka bwino, magwiridwe antchito, kulimba mtima, ntchito, etc. Ngati mulibe dongosolo lowunikira, GIS ikhoza kukuthandizani. 
Zolakwika zomwe zapezeka zimayikidwa ngati zofunikira, zazikulu kapena zazing'ono malinga ndi mapulani a kuyendera. Mlingo wovomerezeka (AQL) umatchulidwa ndi omwe ali ndiudindo ndi mitundu ya zolakwika. Mpangidwe wamba wa AQL wafotokozedwa mu gawo la "What AQL". Kuvomerezedwa kwa gawo kapena batani kumatsimikiziridwa ndi njira zofananira zovomereza / kukana ndi dongosolo la zitsanzo.
Komabe, ziyenera kukumbukiridwa kuti muyezo uwu umapangidwa kuti uzigwiritsidwa ntchito mosalekeza mosiyanasiyana, ukagwiritsidwa ntchito popanda kusintha kosintha, magwiritsidwe a mapulaniwo ayenera kuyesedwa palokha.    

Kodi AQL ndi chiyani?

Mulingo wa AQL, kapena Wovomerezeka pa Khwalala, ndiwo mulingo wabwino kwambiri womwe ndi wovomerezeka kwambiri pakuchita mayesowo ngati kulandidwa kwa mayesiti. The AQL ndi gawo lalikulu la zitsanzozo. Zikuyembekezeka kuti khola yapamwamba yazogulitsa izikhala yocheperako kuposa AQL. Pali zambiri AQL zitatu zotchulidwa zolakwika zazing'ono, zazikulu ndi zazing'ono padera. Makina a AQL akhoza kukhala motere:

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Zocheperako kuchuluka, zolakwika zochepa ndizovomerezedwa muyeso wazinthu. Mukamasankha AQL, ndikofunikira kuti munthu amvetsetse malire pakati pakukhazikitsa otsika kwambiri, ndikukana kutumiza ambiri, ndikuyika kokwanira kwambiri ndikutulutsa zosavomerezeka.

Chidziwitso: AQL m'mbuyomu inali chidule cha kuvomerezedwa kwapamwamba ndipo idasinthidwa kuti iyambe kuvomerezedwa.

Gulu Lalikulu

Zowonongeka ndikutuluka kwa mawonekedwe kuchokera pamlingo womwe akufuna kapena omwe amapezeka ndi zovuta zokwanira zomwe zingapangitse chinthu chomwe chikugwirizana kapena ntchito kuti isakwaniritse zomwe mukufuna, kapena zogwiritsika ntchito. Itha kufotokozedwa ngati:

Zowunikira  - Chovuta chachikulu ndikuti pakuweruza ndikuwonetsa kungachitike:
a. chichitike chifukwa chowopsa kapena chosatetezeka kwa anthu omwe amagwiritsa ntchito, kukonza, kapena kutengera zomwe agulitsira; 
b. lekani magwiridwe anthawi ya chinthu chachikulu chomaliza. 

Chachikulu  - chilema chachikulu ndi chimodzi, china chosatsutsika, chomwe chitha kubweretsa kulephera, kapena kuchepetsa kufunikira kwa gawo lazogulitsa pazomwe zidakonzera. 
Minor - A minor defect is one that is not likely to reduce materially the usability of the unit of product for its intended purpose, or is a departure from established standards having little bearing on the effective use or operation of the unit of product.